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Table 4 Effects of baseline drug use on social self-control one year later, after controlling for baseline social self-control, age, female gender, Latino ethnicity, parents' education, and school type.

From: Prospective associations of social self-control with drug use among youth from regular and alternative high schools

  Standardized β
  Cigarette smoking Alcohol use Marijuana use Hard drug use Problem drug use
Baseline social self-control 0.50*** 0.50*** 0.50*** 0.50*** 0.49***
Drug use -0.04* -0.03 -0.04* -0.04* -0.07a*
Age 0.06* 0.06* 0.06* 0.06* 0.05*
Female gender -0.04* -0.03 -0.04* -0.03 -0.04*
Latino ethnicity -0.001 -0.006 -0.007 -0.005 -0.004
Parents' education 0.005 0.004 0.004 0.007 0.002
School type 0.01 0.008 0.007 0.007 0.0008
  1. Note: *p ≤ 0.05; ***p < 0.0001; All independent variables were centered on their means;
  2. a Interaction between school type and problem drug use was found to be statistically significant (p < 0.03). The reported β is when school type = 0 (school type was centered on its mean).