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Table 3 Lifetime substance use, by sex worker status

From: Substance abuse, treatment needs and access among female sex workers and non-sex workers in Pretoria, South Africa

Prevalence of Lifetime Substance Use, Column % Overall N = 506 Female sex workersa N = 335 Non-Sex workers N = 171 χ2 testb p-values
Alcoholc 100 100 100 .....
Tobacco 67.4 73.4 55.6 <0.001
Any drugd 58.1 71.9 31.0 <0.001
Marijuana/Dagga/Ganja 55.1 67.5 31.0 <0.001
Ecstasy 3.4 4.2 1.8 0.152e
Crack 12.8 18.8 1.2 <0.001
Cocaine 2.6 3.6 0.6 0.044
Heroin/Thai White 6.9 9.3 2.3 0.004
Dagga and Heroin/Thai White 8.1 10.4 3.5 0.007
Cocaine and Heroin/Thai White 0.6 0.9 0.0 0.554e
Mandrax 1.2 1.5 0.6 0.669e
Dagga and Mandrax 1.2 1.8 0.0 0.101e
LSD 0.4 0.6 0.0 0.552e
Rohypnol/Shabba 3.0 4.2 0.6 0.024
Inhalants 3.0 4.5 0.0 0.005
Injection drug use 0.6 0.9 0.0 0.554e
  1. a Female sex workers are defined as females who had traded sex for drugs, money, food, or other goods in the past 90 days.
  2. b Pearson chi-square test
  3. NS: p > 0.05
  4. c Alcohol use was defined as any use of a whole alcohol drink in the lifetime.
  5. d Any drug use included the use of marijuana (Dagga or Ganja), Ecstasy, crack, cocaine, heroin (Thai White), Mandrax, LSD, Rohypnol (Shabba), or inhalants.
  6. e Fisher's exact test was used due to expected cell counts < 5.