Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Substance use disorders among women, by sex worker status

From: Substance abuse, treatment needs and access among female sex workers and non-sex workers in Pretoria, South Africa

Prevalence, Column % Overall N = 506 Female sex workersa N = 335 Non-Sex workers N = 171 χ2 testb p-values
Lifetime Alcohol Use Disorder     
Abusec 73.3 80.6 59.1 <0.001
Dependence 62.3 69.3 48.5 <0.001
Abuse or Dependence 80.0 85.7 69.0 <0.001
Past-Year Alcohol Use Disorder     
Abusec 68.4 75.2 55.0 <0.001
Dependence 57.5 64.2 44.4 <0.001
Abuse or Dependence 76.1 81.8 64.9 <0.001
Lifetime Drug Use Disorder     
Abusec 37.5 48.4 16.4 <0.001
Dependence 29.4 39.4 9.9 <0.001
Abuse or Dependence 40.9 52.2 18.7 <0.001
Past-Year Drug Use Disorder     
Abusec 32.6 41.5 15.2 <0.001
Dependence 27.1 35.8 9.9 <0.001
Abuse or Dependence 37.2 47.2 17.5 <0.001
Any Lifetime Alcohol or Drug Use Disorder 81.8 88.1 69.6 <0.001
Alcohol and Drug Use Disorders 39.1 49.9 18.1 <0.001
Alcohol Use Disorder Only 40.9 35.8 50.9  
Drug Use Disorder Only 1.8 2.4 0.6  
Any Past-Year Alcohol or Drug Use Disorder 77.7 83.6 66.1 <0.001
Alcohol and Drug Use Disorders 35.6 45.4 16.4 <0.001
Alcohol Use Disorder Only 40.5 36.4 48.5 0.009
Drug Use Disorder Only 1.6 1.8 1.2 0.723d
  1. a Female sex workers are defined as females who had traded sex for drugs, money, food, or other goods in the past 90 days.
  2. b Pearson chi-square test.
  3. cAbuse was defined as meeting DSM-IV criteria for abuse regardless of the status of dependence.
  4. d Fisher's exact test was used due to expected cell counts < 5.