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Table 3 Cost components included in 22 studies reviewed

From: The economic impact of alcohol consumption: a systematic review

  A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V
Direct cost                       
   Health care + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
   Research and prevention - - - + + + - - + + + - - - + + - - + + + +
   Crime and law enforcement + + + + + + + + + - + + + + + + - + + + + +
   Property damage/Loss + + + + + + + + + - + + - + - - + + + + + +
   Administration cost + + - + + + - + - + + + - + - - + - + + + +
   Welfare assistance/social work - - - - - - - + - - + - - + + + - - - - - -
   Alcohol beverage + + + - - - - - - - - - - - - - + - - - - -
   Otherb - - - - - - + + + - + + + - - - - - - - - -
Indirect cost                       
   Premature mortality + + + + + + + + + + + - + + + + + + + + + +
   Reduced productivity + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
   Incarceration - - + - - - - + + - - - + + + + - - + + + +
   Loss employment - - - - + - + - - + + + + + + + - - - - - -
   Victim time - - - - - - + - - - - - - + - + - - + + + +
Intangible cost + + + - - - + - - - - - - - - -a - - - - - -
  1. + = Yes, - = No,
  2. a = the reduction in quality of life is measured but cost associated with the reduction was not reported b = Other direct costs included the cost of anticipating crime, the cost of losses from compulsory taxes, and transfer cost (i.e. disability pension, welfare payment, accident compensation, and social security payment) [8, 13, 14, 26]
  3. A = Australia 1988 [6], B = Australia 1992 [6], C = Australia 1998-9[7], D = Canada 1992[18], E = Canada 2002[15], F = Ontario 1992[20], G = England and Wales 2001/2 [4], H = Finland 1990 [26], I = France 1997[9], J = Germany 2002[12], K = Japan 1987[14], L = The Netherlands 1991[13], M = New Zealand 1991[8], N = Portugal 1995[24], O = Scotland 2001/2[19], P = Sweden 2002[11], Q = South Korea 2000[5], R = Thailand 2006[25], S = US 1985 [17], T = US 1990 [16], U = US 1992[23], V = US 1998 [10]