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Table 3 The Relationship between Household Income in Adolescence and Substance Use in Early Adulthood. (n = 9872)

From: Are adolescents with high socioeconomic status more likely to engage in alcohol and illicit drug use in early adulthood?

  Binge Drinking Marijuana Use Cocaine Use Crystal Meth. Use Other Drug Use
Household Income      
Unadjusted OR (95% CI)      
Income (1000s) 1.004 (1.003-1.006)*** 1.002 (1.001-1.003)** 1.002 (1.000-1.004)* 0.995 (0.988-1.002) 1.001 (1.000-1.002)
Adjusted OR (95% CI)      
Income (1000s) 1.003 (1.001-1.004)*** 1.002 (1.000-1.003)* 1.002 (0.999-1.004) 0.992 (0.983-1.002) 1.000 (0.998-1.002)
  1. Statistical significance based on t-tests: † p < .10; * p < .05; ** p < 0.01; *** p < .001
  2. Note: Dependent variables assessed at Wave III. Independent variables assessed at Wave I. Adjusted models control for binge drinking, marijuana use, cocaine use, inhalant use and other drug use at baseline, CESD, delinquency, suicidality, PPVT score, gender, age, age squared, race/ethnicity, general health, family structure (two biological parents, single parent, stepfamily, foster/other), parent alcoholism and whether adolescent is firstborn in family. Logit models with data weighted, clustered and strata corrected.
  3. Other drug use includes LSD, PCP, ecstasy, mushrooms, inhalants, ice, heroin, prescription medicine not prescribed for you or any other drug.