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Table 5 Sensitivity Analysis: The Relationship between Parental Education d in Adolescence and Substance Use in Early Adulthood, by race (White non-Hispanic and Non-white) (n = 9872)

From: Are adolescents with high socioeconomic status more likely to engage in alcohol and illicit drug use in early adulthood?

  Binge Drinking Marijuana Use Cocaine Use Crystal Meth. Use Other Drug Use
White, Non-Hispanic (n = 5580)      
Parents' Education      
Adjusted OR (95% CI)      
Highest educated resident parent less than high school 0.938 (0.604-1.458) 0.839 (0.493-1.429) 0.816 (0.300-2.216) 0.482 (0.165-1.414) 0.584 (0.224-1.518)
...High school Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
...Some college 1.180 (0.944-1.474) 1.175 (0.975-1.415) † 1.218 (0.767-1.933) 0.746 (0.399-1.396) 1.047 (0.686-1.597)
...College graduate 1.652 (1.316-2.073)*** 1.357 (1.082-1.700)** 1.575 (1.005-2.467)* 0.492 (0.224-1.083) † 1.045 (0.670-1.630)
Joint test F(3,126) = 7.79*** F(3,126) = 3.31* F(3,126) = 1.90 F(3,126) = 1.37 F(3,126) = 0.56
Non-White (n = 4292)      
Parents' Education      
Adjusted OR (95% CI)      
Highest educated resident parent less than high school 0.728 (0.451-1.745) 0.759 (0.509-1.134) 1.663 (0.616-4.493) 0.491 (0.069-3.501) 0.538 (0.260-1.113) †
...High school Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
...Some college 0.912 (0.656-1.268) 1.047 (0.789-1.391) 1.420 (0.598-3.368) 1.608 (0.591-4.374) 0.924 (0.512-1.666)
...College graduate 0.895 (0.605-1.326) 1.001 (0.690-1.452) 1.859 (0.852-4.056) 1.782 (0.768-4.135) 1.011 (0.507-2.013)
Joint test F(3,126) = 0.58 F(3,126) = 0.91 F(3,126) = 0.94 F(3,126) = 1.09 F(3,126) = 1.17
  1. Statistical significance based on t-tests: † p < .10; * p < .05; ** p < 0.01; *** p < .001
  2. Note: Dependent variables assessed at Wave III. Independent variables assessed at Wave I. Adjusted models control for binge drinking, marijuana use, cocaine use, inhalant use and other drug use at baseline, CESD, delinquency, suicidality, PPVT score, gender, age, age squared, general health, family structure (two biological parents, single parent, stepfamily, foster/other), parent alcoholism and whether adolescent is firstborn in family. Logit models with data weighted, clustered and strata corrected.
  3. Other drug use includes LSD, PCP, ecstasy, mushrooms, inhalants, ice, heroin, prescription medicine not prescribed for you or any other drug.