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Table 4 Predicted smoking and drinking response to cigarette price—by age group, BRFSS 2001-6 (a)

From: Unintended consequences of cigarette price changes for alcohol drinking behaviors across age groups: evidence from pooled cross sections

  Current Smoking Current Drinking Binge Drinking Heavy Drinking
Percentage point change(c) Percentage point change(c) Percentage point change(c,d) Percentage point change(c)
N = 1,323,758(b)
Age group
18-20  -1.76  -4.02*  2.98 0.56
21-29  0.83 -0.83 4.06*** 1.15**
30-64 -1.10**  0.82 -0.09 -0.19
65 and older 1.43* 3.72*** -1.95** 0.05
  1. Notes: Models included covariates for gender, poverty status, race/ethnicity, co-habitating partner status, employment status, educational level, beer price (six-pack), magnitude of state smokefree laws, state poverty rate.
  2. BRFSS = Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Surveys.
  3. *p < .05, **p ≤ .01, ***p < .001, using t-tests, df =1,320,358, for current smoking, current drinking, and heavy drinking, df =1,047,879 for binge drinking.
  4. (a) Weighted data are presented to reflect the complex sampling design of Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) 2001-2006.
  5. (b) This is sample used for all analyses, except as noted.
  6. (c) Percentage point change reflects predicted changes in smoking and drinking pattern response to a $1 increase in state cigarette price.
  7. (d) N = 1,050,573. Includes observations for 2001-2005 only due to change in definition of binge drinking in 2006.