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Table 3 ACE characteristics of study sample by sex

From: The mediating sex-specific effect of psychological distress on the relationship between adverse childhood experiences and current smoking among adults

ACE Females (n = 3,895) Males (n = 3,315) Chi-square test
  % % Value (df) p-value
Abuse     
Emotional 11.7 8.2 23.8 (1) <0.0001
Physical 24.6 28.6 14.5 (1) 0.0001
Sexual 24.2 16.7 61.2 (1) <0.0001
Neglect     
Emotional 16.4 12.2 25.2 (1) <0.0001
Physical 8.6 10.5 7.7 (1) 0.0054
Household dysfunction     
Witnessing domestic violence 13.6 12.1 3.8 (1) 0.0526
Parental separation or divorce 25.3 22.4 8.6 (1) 0.0034
Mental illness in household 25.0 14.6 119.4 (1) <0.0001
Household substance abuse 29.9 25.5 17.4 (1) <0.0001
Incarcerated household member 6.9 4.8 14.6 (1) 0.0001
Total number of ACEs     
0 32.1 34.7 50.2 (4) <0.0001
1 24.1 26.9   
2 14.7 16.1   
3 10.4 9.3   
4+ 18.7 13.0