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Table 2 Predictors of smoking status – odds ratios according to the structural regression model

From: Four-year prospective evaluation of the relationship between meaning in life and smoking status

  Stable smokers+(N = 1019) Quitters+(N = 201) Starters+(N = 231)
Life meaning at T1 0.54** [0.35-0.84] 0.56 [0.25-1.28] 0.55 [0.25-1.23]
Life meaning at T2 0.64** [0.47-0.87] 0.63 [0.35-1.16] 0.71 [0.40-1.25]
Gender (1 – ♂; 2 – ♀) 0.52*** [0.44-0.61] 0.50*** [0.37-0.68] 0.67** [0.51-0.89]
Age 1.04*** [1.03-1.05] 1.03*** [1.02-1.04] 1.06*** [1.05-1.07]
Level of education 0.80*** [0.75-0.85] 0.99 [0.89-1.11] 0.90 [0.81-1.01]
  1. +Reference group: stable non-smokers (N = 2843); *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001. Significance tests were carried out using Z-statistics (=coefficient estimate/standard error).