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Table 2 Descriptive characteristics of health professional students regarding perceptions about HP’s role in tobacco control, Pakistan 2011 (n = 3445)*

From: Health professional students’ perceptions regarding their role in tobacco control: findings from the Global Health Professional Students Survey, Pakistan, 2011

Characteristics Total Positive perceptions n (%) Negative perceptions n (%) p-value**
Sex     
 Female 2204 1275 (67.0) 929 (60.2) < 0.001
 Male 1241 628 (33.0) 613 (39.8)  
Age in years (categorical)    
 19-24 3360 1861 (97.8) 1499 (97.2) 0.397
 25-29 70 36 (1.9) 34 (2.2)  
 ≥ 30 15 6 (0.3) 9 (0.6)  
Use of any form of tobacco     
 No 2923 1658 (87.1) 1265 (82.0) < 0.001
 Yes 522 245 (12.9) 277 (18.0)  
Use of any form of tobacco at institute    
 I have never used 2056 1216 (63.9) 840 (54.5) < 0.001
 No 144 82 (4.3) 62 (4.0)  
 Yes 1245 605 (31.8) 640 (41.5)  
Knowledge about official policy on tobacco ban   
 No official policy 1609 883 (46.4) 726 (47.1) 0.690
 Yes, for at least institute or clinics 1836 1020 (53.6) 816 (52.9)  
Viewpoint about ban enforcement at institute   
 Yes 1102 622 (32.7) 480 (31.1) 0.033
 No 1364 717 (37.7) 647 (42.0)  
 Institute has no official policy 979 564 (29.6) 415 (26.9)  
Knowledge about tobacco use cessation techniques   
 Good knowledge 832 509 (26.7) 323 (20.9) < 0.001
 Poor knowledge 2613 1394 (73.3) 1219 (79.1)  
Formal training on tobacco use cessation techniques   
 Yes 835 497 (26.1) 338 (21.9) 0.004
 No 2610 1406 (73.9) 1204 (78.1)  
Attitude towards ban on tobacco use    
Ban on tobacco sale to adolescents < 18 years   
 Yes 3099 1766 (92.8) 1333 (86.4) < 0.001
 No 346 137 (7.2) 209 (13.6)  
Ban on tobacco advertisements     
 Yes 3116 1789 (94.0) 1327 (86.1) < 0.001
 No 329 114 (6.0) 215 (13.9)  
Ban on tobacco use at public places     
 Yes 2820 1655 (87.0) 1165 (75.6) < 0.001
 No 625 248 (13.0) 377 (24.4)  
Health professionals     
 Dental 324 209 (11.0) 115 (7.5) 0.002
 Medical 2272 1240 (65.2) 1032 (66.9)  
 Pharmacy 849 454 (23.8) 395 (25.6)  
  1. *Final dataset was constructed using information from 3445 participants, after excluding 572 participants due to missing information, and 236 participants due to younger age reported (<18 years old).
  2. **The p value has been calculated using Chi square test.