Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 5 PN substances use leading to addiction

From: Pharmacological Neuroenhancement: teachers’ knowledge and attitudes–Results from a survey study among teachers in Germany

No substance 1.2 % (n = 2)
Ginkgo biloba 4.8 % (n = 8)
Energy drinks 19.6 % (n = 33)
Caffeine tablets 33.3 % (n = 56)
MPH 51.8 % (n = 87)
AMPH 42.9 % (n = 72)
Atomoxetin 32.1 % (n = 54)
Modafinil 30.4 % (n = 51)
Antidementia drugs 33.3 % (n = 56)
Illicit AMPH 86.9 % (n = 146)
Ecstasy/ MDMA 88.7 % (n = 149)
Cocaine 95.8 % (n = 161)
Ephedrin 74.4 % (n = 125)
Cannabis 82.7 % (n = 139)
  1. 65.9 % (n = 168) answered that question
  2. AMPH amphetamines, MPH Methylphenidate, PN pharmacological neuroenhancement