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Table 1 Prevalence of binge drinking among male and female university students from nine countries in ASEAN

From: Health and behavioral factors associated with binge drinking among university students in nine ASEAN countries

Country Total sample Male Female  
Binge drinking Binge drinking Binge drinking
  Total Never Infrequent Frequent Never Infrequent Frequent Never Infrequent Frequent χ2 (df) P-value
Cambodiaa 1357 91.7 4.3 4.1 85.1 7.4 7.5 99.5 1.0 0.4 80.6 (2) <0.001
Indonesiaa 981 98.5 0.8 0.7 96.9 1.7 1.4 99.1 0.4 0.4 70.1 (2) 0.023
Laosa 806 44.9 30.6 24.4 22.7 31.1 46.2 56.3 30.4 13.3 125.0 (2) <0.001
Malaysiab 1023 97.7 2.1 0.3 96.8 3.0 0.2 98.5 1.2 0.4 4.5 (2) 0.105
Myanmara 491 90.0 8.6 1.4 80.9 5.8 3.3 96.8 3.2 0.0 35.1 (2) <0.001
Philippinesa 782 88.7 54.3 6.6 78.6 8.0 13.4 92.3 4.0 3.8 30.1 (2) <0.001
Singaporec 894 71.4 22.3 6.4 62.8 28.7 8.5 79.9 15.8 4.3 37.7 (2) <0.001
Thailandb 1658 60.9 28.3 10.8 43.2 34.4 22.4 65.0 26.9 8.1 71.8 (2) <0.001
Vietnama 817 93.3 5.3 1.5 88.4 8.9 2.7 98.1 1.7 0.2 30.8 (2) <0.001
All 8809 80.8 12.8 6.4 75.6 14.3 10.1 83.9 11.9 4.2 138.3 (2) <0.001
  1. Notes: Infrequent ≤ monthly; Frequent = Monthly/ Weekly/daily or almost daily
  2. Abbreviation: ASEAN association of Southeast Asian Nations; df degree of freedom
  3. aLower-middle income country; bUpper-middle income country; cHigh-income country