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Table 4 Social Deviance and Positive Functioning Indicators Studied in Addition to Drug Use

From: Is there room for resilience? A scoping review and critique of substance use literature and its utilization of the concept of resilience

STUDY Social Deviance Indicators Positive Functioning Indicators
Alcohol and/or cigarette use Mental health issues Risky sexual activity Homeless-ness Aggression/ violence Delinquency/ criminal activity Conduct problems/ rule breaking Other Educational attainment/ competence Employment Marriage Good relations /social skills Other
Andreas et al., 2016 [123]     Impulsivity      
Barbieri et al., 2016 [146]             
Becerra & Castillo 2011 [157]             
Brown & Waite 2005 [141]             
Burnett Jr. et al., 2016 [84]             
Carrico et al., 2015 [172]             
Daining & DePanfilis 2007 [107]       Early parenthood    
Draper et al., 2015 [158]             
Duque et al., 2013 [128]            
Eisen et al., 2014 [86]            
Gralinski-Bakker et al., 2004 [113]        Social and leisure activities; parenting
Green et al., 2014 [103]        Suicidal ideation      
Griffin et al., 2009 [129]            
Hammersley et al., 2015 [108]        Abusive relationships      
Hollen et al., 2013 [112]             
Javdani & Allen 2016 [169]    Somatization      Self-efficacy
Jones 2012 [76]         Future optimism; independent living skills
Kidd & Shahar 2008 [182]         Hopelessness; loneliness; suicidal ideation      Good health
Kurtz et al., 2013 [170]        Sensation seeking      
LaFromboise et al., 2006 [85]         
Levey et al., 2016 [168]             Daily functioning; realistic goals for the future
Longman-Mills et al., (2013) [109]             
Luthar & Barkin 2012 [135]      Somatization      
Markson et al., 2015 [174]         Good health; coping ability
McGloin & Widom 2001 [132]       
McKnight & Loper 2002 [150]            
O’Donnell et al., 2002 [110]     Somatization     Future optimism; self-reliance
Ostaszewski & Zimmerman 2006 [152]             
Perkins & Jones 2004 [153]       Purging; attempted suicide     Helping others
Shpiegel 2015 [77]      Teenage pregnancy     
Tiet et al., 2010 [120]     Gang Involvement; isolation; crueltya     Self-esteem
Tlapek et al., 2016 [100]       Revictimization      
Turner et al., 2007 [154]             
Tyler et al., 2014 [111]             
Veselska et al., 2009 [147]             
Wingo et al., 2014 [98]             
Wong 2008 [215]           
  1. aBased on The Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) - Achenbach, TM, Edelbrock, CS. Manual for the Child Behavior Checklist and revised child behavior profile. 1983. Burlington: University of Vermont, Department of Psychiatry