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Table 2 Demographics of pharmacy staff across the three countries and cross-country comparisons

From: A comparative analysis of pharmacists’ perspectives on codeine use and misuse – a three country survey

Demographic Characteristics Ireland (n = 464) (n,%) South Africa (n = 123) (n,%) UK (n = 129) (n, %) Test statistic χ2(df) p-value
Gender
 Male 168 (36.2%) 53 (43.1%) 44 (34.1%)   0.28
 Female 296 (63.8%) 70 (56.9%) 85 (65.9%) 2.54 (2)  
Age
 20–39 278 (59.9%) 41 (33.3%) 72 (55.8%) 41.70 (2) < 0.001*
 40+ 186 (40.1%) 82 (66.7%) 57 (44.2%)   
 Number of years in practice: Median (Range) 12 (1–49) 25 (0–49) 15 (1–48) 42.03 (2) < 0.001*
Type of location
 Urban 261 (56.3%) 84 (68.3%) 75 (58.6%) 11.03 (4) 0.02*
 Rural 99 (21.3%) 17 (13.8%) 17 (13.3%)   
 Both 102 (22.0%) 21 (17.1%) 36 (28.1%)   
 Missing 2 1 1   
Type of pharmacy
 Community/retail 400 (86.2%) 98 (83.1%) 117 (95.1%) 8.80 (2) 0.01*
 Others (Academic, Hospital, More than one type of pharmacy) 61 (13.1%) 24 (16.9%) 10 (4.9)   
Missing 3 1 2   
Position      
 Full-time 317 (68.3%) 87 (71.9%) 91 (70.5%) 21.65 (6) < 0.001*
 Part-time 57 (12.3%) 4 (3.3%) 16 (12.4%)   
 Locum 67 (14.4%) 14 (11.6%) 13 (10.1%)   
 Pharmacy assistant 20 (4.3%) 16 (13.2%) 9 (7.0%)   
Nearby pharmacies
 0 49 (10.7%) 17 (13.8%) 12 (9.3%) 53.54 (8)  
 1–5 175 (38.0%) 76 (61.8%) 82 (63.6%)   < 0.001*
 6–10 140 (30.4%) 26 (21.1%) 19 (14.7%)   
 11–19 61 (13.3%) 3 (2.4%) 11 (8.5%)   
 20 or more 35 (7.6%) 1 (0.8%) 5 (3.9%)   
  448 (98.0%) 120 (99.2%) 125 (98.4%) 0.76 (2) 0.68
  1. *p-value is significant