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Table 2 Reasons of Betel Quid Use amongst dependent and non-dependent chewers (n = 874)

From: Reasons for betel quid chewing amongst dependent and non-dependent betel quid chewing adolescents: a school-based cross-sectional survey

Reasons for Betel Quid Chew No Dependency Dependency p-value Chi-Square
n = 805 (92.1%) n = 69 (7.9%)   
Reinforcement construct
 I like the taste     
  Its not important 144 (17.9%) 010 (14.5%) 0.304 2.38
  Neutral 112 (13.9%) 006 (8.7%)   
  Important 549 (68.2%) 053 (76.8%)   
 I like to have something in my mouth at all time
  Its not important 495 (61.5%) 027 (39.1%) <  0.001 20.96
  Neutral 070 (8.7%) 003 (4.3%)   
  Important 240 (29.8%) 039 (56.5%)   
Social/cultural construct
 All of my friends chew
  Its not important 524 (65.1%) 037 (53.6%) 0.016 8.30
  Neutral 057 (7.1%) 002 (2.9%)   
  Important 224 (27.8%) 030 (43.5%)   
 My family members chew
  Its not important 720 (89.4%) 55 (79.7%) 0.019 7.91
  Neutral 016 (2.0%) 001 (1.4%)   
  Important 069 (8.6%) 013 (18.8%)   
 Its rude not to chew
  Its not important 717 (89.1%) 047 (68.1%) <  0.001 25.56
  Neutral 010 (1.2%) 002 (2.9%)   
  Important 078 (9.7%) 020 (29.0%)   
 People will not respect me if I don’t chew
  Its not important 750 (93.2%) 063 (91.3%) 0.836 0.35
  Neutral 017 (2.1%) 002 (2.9%)   
  Important 038 (4.7%) 004 (5.8%)   
Stimulation construct
 It relaxes me
  Its not important 650 (80.7%) 032 (46.4%) <  0.001 52.74
  Neutral 030 (3.7%) 002 (2.9%)   
  Important 125 (15.5%) 035 (50.7%)   
 It gives me energy
  Its not important 756 (93.9%) 051 (73.9%) <  0.001 40.51
  Neutral 009 (1.1%) 001 (1.4%)   
  Important 040 (5.0%) 017 (24.6%)   
 It helps me make decisions
  Its not important 742 (92.2%) 035 (50.7%) <  0.001 1.14
  Neutral 011 (1.4%) 003 (4.3%)   
  Important 052 (6.5%) 031 (44.9%)   
 I like the way it makes me feel
  Its not important 624 (77.5%) 034 (49.3%) <  0.001 28.57
  Neutral 025 (3.1%) 003 (4.3%)   
  Important 156 (19.4%) 032 (46.4%)   
  1. Significant P-value – 0.05