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Table 2 Participants’ demographic data

From: Impact of anti-doping education and doping control experience on anti-doping knowledge in Japanese university athletes: a cross-sectional study

  N %
Sex
 Male 514 44.97
 Female 629 55.03
Doping Control
 Experienced 29 2.54
 Non-experienced 1114 97.46
Competition Duration (years)
 1–5 302 26.42
 6–10 460 40.24
 ≥ 11 381 33.33
Individual Competition Level
 District 321 28.08
 Prefectural 311 27.21
 National 478 41.82
 International 33 2.89
Team Competition Level
 District 259 22.66
 Prefectural 227 19.86
 National 595 52.06
 International 62 5.42
Education Experience
 Non-educated 561 49.08
 Once 344 30.10
 More than once 238 20.82
Athletic Event
 Athletics 266 23.27
 Football 177 15.49
 Basketball 143 12.51
 Baseball 93 8.14
 Swimming 63 5.51
 Volleyball 59 5.16
 Tennis 51 4.46
 Kendo 43 3.76
 Softball 33 2.89
 Handball 33 2.89
 Badminton 22 1.92
 Judo 13 1.14
 Rugby 12 1.05
 Gymnastics 11 0.96
 Rhythmic gymnastics 10 0.87
 Triathlon 9 0.79
 Karate 9 0.79
 Cycling 8 0.70
 Futsal 6 0.52
 Life guarding 6 0.52
 Lacrosse 6 0.52
 Ultimate frisbee 5 0.44
 Ice hockey 3 0.26
 American football 3 0.26
 Squash 3 0.26
 Table tennis 3 0.26
 Naginata 2 0.17
 Archery 2 0.17
 Alpine skiing 1 0.09
 Aerobics 1 0.09
 Golf 1 0.09
 Synchronized swimming 1 0.09
 Skiing 1 0.09
 Mountain biking 1 0.09
 Competitive dance 1 0.09
 Non-respondent 42 3.67
Total 1143 100