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Table 1 Seizures in the provinces of Modena and Reggio Emilia per year and by detected substance

From: Seizures of illicit substances for personal use in two Italian provinces: analysis of trends by type and purity from 2008 to 2017

  Cannabis  
Year Samples Resin Herb Total Cocaine Heroin Other drugs
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
2008 252 (100)a 137 (54.4) 16 (6.3) 153 (60.7) 62 (24.6) 36 (14.3) 1 (0.4)
2009 368 (100)b 171 (46.5) 38 (10.3) 209 (56.8) 80 (21.7) 77 (20.9) 2 (0.5)
2010 351 (100)c 145 (41.3) 66 (18.8) 211 (60.1) 65 (18.5) 62 (17.7) 13 (3.7)
2011 322 (100)c 137 (42.6) 60 (18.6) 197 (61.2) 60 (18.6) 55 (17.1) 10 (3.1)
2012 354 (100)c 171 (48.3) 87 (24.6) 258 (72.9) 57 (16.1) 33 (9.3) 6 (1.7)
2013 512 (100)d 192 (37.5) 225 (43.9) 417 (81.4) 59 (11.5) 34 (6.6) 2 (0.4)
2014 575 (100)e 144 (25.0) 252 (43.8) 396 (68.9) 87 (15.1) 79 (13.7) 13 (2.3)
2015 532 (100)f 242 (45.5) 142 (26.7) 384 (72.2) 89 (16.7) 49 (9.2) 10 (1.9)
2016 495 (100)g 232 (46.9) 165 (33.3) 397 (80.2) 54 (10.9) 37 (7.5) 7 (1.4)
2017 439 (100)h 136 (31.0) 212 (48.3) 348 (80.0) 63 (14.5) 20 (4.6) 8 (0.9)
Total 4200 (100) 1707 (40.6) 1263 (30.1) 2970 (70.7) 676 (16.1) 482 (11.5) 72 (1.7)
  1. Number of seizures in
  2. a 2008; lower than all other years (P < 0.0001);
  3. b 2009; lower than years 2013–2017 (P < 0.05);
  4. c 2010, 2011 and 2012; lower than years 2013–2017 (P < 0.005);
  5. d 2013; higher than all previous years and 2017 (P < 0.01), lower than 2014 (P < 0.05);
  6. e 2014; higher than all other years (P < 0.05), except vs 2015;
  7. f 2015; higher than 2008–2012 (P < 0.0001) and 2017 (P < 0.005);
  8. g 2016; higher than 2008–2012 (P < 0.0001) and 2017 (P < 0.05), lower than 2014 (P < 0.01);
  9. h 2017; higher than 2008–2012 (P < 0.05); Fisher’s exact test